Scientists at the University of Nottingham in the UK have shown that several traditional medicines used in Ayurvedic medicine in India are effective in maintaining normal blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. This is reported in an article published in the journal Frontiers in Pharmacology.
Glycated hemoglobin was reduced with the help of preparations based on such herbs as Bengal quince (Aegle marmelos), Boswellia serrata (Boswellia serrata), Gynostemma pentaphyllum, Momordica charantia (Momordica charantia L.), Nigella sativa L. ), ovoid plantain (Plantago ovata), heart-leaved tinospora (Tinospora cordifolia), hay fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) and stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.). Similarly, fasting blood glucose levels have been reduced by 4–56 milligrams per deciliter for a number of Ayurvedic medicines.
In many studies, no adverse events were reported, and if they were, then in most cases the side effect was minor or mild and mainly associated with the gastrointestinal tract.
In India, Ayurvedic medicine is especially popular among the rural, poor, elderly and indigenous populations, as it is in line with their ideas of health and culture. Many patients with type 2 diabetes choose not to use Western medicines because of the associated side effects, cost, and route of administration (eg, by injection).